Hiển thị các bài đăng có nhãn VN-TIẾNG A/N. Hiển thị tất cả bài đăng
Hiển thị các bài đăng có nhãn VN-TIẾNG A/N. Hiển thị tất cả bài đăng

Thứ Hai, 14 tháng 4, 2014

The Role of Political Parties in the DRV

Marr, David G. (2013). Vietnam: State, War, and Revolution (1945–1946) . University of California Press.
Kindle Locations 10285-10901
Three days following the 2 September 1945 independence declaration, the DRV interim government decreed dissolution of two political parties on the grounds that they had plotted actions harmful to national independence. The Greater Viet National Socialist Party (Đại Việt Quốc Xã Hội Đảng) was accused of consorting with foreigners in order to harm independence, while the Greater Viet Nationalist Party (Đại Việt Quốc Dân Đảng) had allegedly schemed to damage the country’s economy as well as its independence. Any member of these parties who continued activities would be “dealt with severely according to law.” A week later, two northern youth associations received the same treatment. Newspapers quickly identified these four organizations as “pro-Japanese,” although no one explained why they had been singled out from among the many groups that had fraternized with the Japanese in previous months. Also, Japan was no longer a threat to Vietnamese independence, so why focus on outdated enemies? Whatever the answer to these questions (to which we will return), DRV leaders were conveying a broader message: they intended to determine which domestic organizations represented threats to national security and hence needed to be repressed.

Chủ Nhật, 6 tháng 4, 2014

East Asian Develo

Chapter 5
From Command to Market Economy in China and Vietnam
 Vietnam’s Reforms and the Chinese Model
 Vietnam’s economic reforms are important in their own right, given that Vietnam is the thirteenth largest country in the world in terms of population and has proved to be able to “punch above its weight” in both economic and geopolitical terms. In the context of this study, however, Vietnam’s recent experience is also a test of whether the Chinese reform experience was unique to China or was equally valid elsewhere.

Thứ Bảy, 5 tháng 4, 2014

Is Vietnam’s bamboo diplomacy threatened by pandas?

Author: Thuy T. Do, ANU
Vietnam is maximising its political leverage with ‘clumping bamboo’ diplomacy. Although Thailand is famous for its skilful ‘bamboo diplomacy’ — always solidly rooted but flexible enough to bend whichever way the wind blows to survive — the Vietnamese have found another diplomatic philosophy to engage great powers.Coming out of the Cold War deeply frustrated with alliance politics and keen to preserve its hard-won independence, Hanoi decided to pursue an ‘omnidirectional’ foreign policy. The aim was to forge as many equidistant and mutually dependent relations with all major powers without leaning too much on any one side.
The logic, as a distinguished Vietnamese diplomat succinctly puts it, is that ‘the more interdependent ties we can cultivate, the easier we can maintain our independence and self-reliance, like an ivory bamboo that will easily fall by standing alone but grow firmly in clumps’.

Thứ Năm, 3 tháng 4, 2014

The Fate of Vietnam

The effect of Hanoi is cerebral: what the Vietnamese capital catches in freeze frame is the process of history itself. I do not mean history merely as some fatalistic, geographically determined drum roll of successive dynasties and depredations, but also history as the summation of brave individual acts and nerve-racking calculations. The maps, dioramas, and massive gray stelae in the History Museum commemorate anxious Vietnamese resistances against the Chinese Song, Ming, and Qing empires in the eleventh, fifteenth, and eighteenth centuries: for although Vietnam was integrated into China until the tenth century, its separate political identity from the Middle Kingdom ever since has been something of a miracle that no theory of the past can adequately explain.